Project 2023-02 Analysis and Mitigation of BES Inverter-Based Resource Performance Issues

​​​​​​​​​​​​ Related Files​

Status

A 25-day formal comment period for draft one of PRC-030-1 Unexpected Inverter-Based Resource Event Mitigation is open through 8 p.m. Eastern, Thursday, April 18, 2024.  

Ballot pools are being formed through April 3, 2024

Initial ballots for the standard and implementation plan, as well as a non-binding poll of the associated Violation Risk Factors and Violation Severity Levels will be conducted April 9 - 18, 2024.

The Standards Committee approved waivers to the Standards Process Manual at their December 2023 meeting. These waivers were sought to allow for reduced formal comment and ballot periods to assist the drafting team in expediting the process, due to firm timeline expectations set by FERC Order 901. FERC Order 901 was issued under Docket No. RM22-12-000 ​on October 19, 2023. 

Background

Multiple NERC disturbance reports,1 including the Odessa disturbance report,2 have identified the undesired performance of bulk power system (BPS)-connected inverter-based resources (IBRs) during grid faults, and have elaborated on the systemic and significant BPS reliability risks that this undesired performance can pose. IBRs may trip for many different reasons, may cease current injection due to inverter controls, or may have unwanted plant-level controller interactions. These types of issues have been extensively documented in the NERC reports. The resulting unexpected and unwarranted loss of generation poses a significant risk to BPS reliability.

Standard Affected: PRC-004-6​

Purpose/Industry Need
This project addresses the reliability‐related need and benefit by requiring analysis and mitigation of unexpected or unwarranted protection and control operations from inverter-based resources following the identification of such a performance issue. This includes any types of protections or controls that result in abnormal performance issues within the plant, including abnormal performance resulting in anomalous behavior of active power output from the facility during events. Considerations may be needed for legacy facilities, but the root cause analysis of the abnormal performance and determination of any mitigating measures should be conducted. The SAR should be applicable to all Bulk Electric System (BES) inverter-based generating resources, including battery energy storage resources.

These changes will prompt analysis of IBR loss events following grid disturbances to ensure that facilities are operating in a reliable manner and providing essential reliability services. Mitigating actions will reduce unnecessary IBR tripping or controls issues that result in widespread reduction of power output from these facilities, and will also reduce the possibility of systemic performance issues in the future.

1 https://www.nerc.com/pa/rrm/ea/Pages/Major-Event-Reports.aspx

2 https://www.nerc.com/pa/rrm/ea/Pages/May-June-2021-Odessa-Disturbance.aspx


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Draft Actions Dates Results Consideration of Comments

Draft 1

PRC-030-1

Implementation Plan​

 

Supporting Materials

Technical Rationale​

Unofficial Comment Form

VRF/VSL Justifications​​​


Initial Ballot

Ballot Open Reminder​

Info

Vote



4/9/24 - 4/18/24

Join Ballot Pools

Ballot Pool Reminder​

3/25/24 - 4/3/24
​Comment Period

Inf​o​

Submit Comments​​


​3/25/24 - 4/18/24
Waiver​​​
Standards Committee accepted the waiver on December 13, 2023.​​​​12/13/2023​
​​Standard Authorization Request
Clean​ | Redline​

Accepted by the Standards Committee


8/23/2023

Drafting Team Nominations

Supporting Materials

 Unofficial Nomination Form (Word)​

Nomination Period

Info

Submit N​om​inations​



2/22/2023 - 3/23/2023




​Supporting Materials

Unofficial Comment Form (Word)

​Comment Period

Info​​


Submit Comments


2/22/2023 - 3/23/2023​




Consideration of Comments​